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Implements module:string. This module is intended to provide access to basic string functions.

Usage: {{String|function|param1|param2|paramn}}

Most of the functions provided here can be invoked with named parameters, unnamed parameters, or a mixture. If named parameters are used, Mediawiki will automatically remove any leading or trailing whitespace from the parameter. Depending on the intended use, it may be advantageous to either preserve or remove such whitespace.

find

This function allows one to search for a target string or pattern within another string.

Usage
{{String|find|source_str|target_string|start_index|plain_flag}}

OR

{{String|find|source=source_str|target=target_str|start=start_index|plain=plain_flag}}
Parameters
  1. source: The string to search
  2. target: The string or pattern to find within source
  3. start: The index within the source string to start the search, defaults to 1
  4. plain: Boolean flag indicating that target should be understood as plain text and not as a Lua style regular expression, defaults to true

If invoked using named parameters, Mediawiki will automatically remove any leading or trailing whitespace from the parameter. In some circumstances this is desirable, in other cases one may want to preserve the whitespace.

This function returns the first index >= "start" where "target" can be found within "source". Indices are 1-based. If "target" is not found, then this function returns 0. If either "source" or "target" are missing / empty, this function also returns 0.

This function should be safe for UTF-8 strings.

len

This function returns the length of the target string.

Usage
{{String|len|target_string}}

OR

{{String|len|s=target_string}}
Parameters
  1. s: The string whose length to report

If invoked using named parameters, Mediawiki will automatically remove any leading or trailing whitespace from the target string.

match

This function returns a substring from the source string that matches a specified pattern.

Usage
{{String|match|source_string|pattern_string|start_index|match_number|plain_flag|nomatch_output}}

OR

{{String|match|s=source_string|pattern=pattern_string|start=start_index|match=match_number|plain=plain_flag|nomatch=nomatch_output}}
Parameters
  1. s: The string to search
  2. pattern: The pattern or string to find within the string
  3. start: The index within the source string to start the search. The first character of the string has index 1. Defaults to 1.
  4. match: In some cases it may be possible to make multiple matches on a single string. This specifies which match to return, where the first match is match= 1. If a negative number is specified then a match is returned counting from the last match. Hence match = -1 is the same as requesting the last match. Defaults to 1.
  5. plain: A flag indicating that the pattern should be understood as plain text. Defaults to false.
  6. nomatch: If no match is found, output the "nomatch" value rather than an error.

If invoked using named parameters, Mediawiki will automatically remove any leading or trailing whitespace from each string. In some circumstances this is desirable, in other cases one may want to preserve the whitespace.

If the match_number or start_index are out of range for the string being queried, then this function generates an error. An error is also generated if no match is found. If one adds the parameter ignore_errors=true, then the error will be suppressed and an empty string will be returned on any failure.

For information on constructing Lua patterns, a form of [regular expression], see:

pos

This function returns a single character from the target string at position pos.

Usage
{{String|pos|target_string|index_value}}

OR

{{String|pos|target=target_string|pos=index_value}}
Parameters
  1. target: The string to search
  2. pos: The index for the character to return

If invoked using named parameters, Mediawiki will automatically remove any leading or trailing whitespace from the target string. In some circumstances this is desirable, in other cases one may want to preserve the whitespace.

The first character has an index value of 1.

If one requests a negative value, this function will select a character by counting backwards from the end of the string. In other words pos = -1 is the same as asking for the last character.

A requested value of zero, or a value greater than the length of the string returns an error.

rep

Returns a string that is the concatenation of n copies of the string s.

Usage
{{String|rep|s|n}}
Parameters
  1. Source string
  2. Number of copies

replace

This function allows one to replace a target string or pattern within another string.

Usage
{{String|replace|source_str|pattern_string|replace_string|replacement_count|plain_flag}}

OR

{{String|replace|source=source_string|pattern=pattern_string|replace=replace_string|count=replacement_count|plain=plain_flag}}
Parameters
  1. source: The string to search
  2. pattern: The string or pattern to find within source
  3. replace: The replacement text
  4. count: The number of occurences to replace, defaults to all.
  5. plain: Boolean flag indicating that pattern should be understood as plain text and not as a Lua style regular expression, defaults to true

sub

This function returns a substring of the target string at specified indices.

Usage
{{String|sub|target_string|start_index|end_index}}

OR

{{String|sub|s=target_string|i=start_index|j=end_index}}
Parameters
  1. s: The string to return a subset of
  2. i: The fist index of the substring to return, defaults to 1.
  3. j: The last index of the string to return, defaults to the last character.

The first character of the string is assigned an index of 1. If either i or j is a negative value, it is interpreted the same as selecting a character by counting from the end of the string. Hence, a value of -1 is the same as selecting the last character of the string.

If the requested indices are out of range for the given string, an error is reported.


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